Geography maps services of massachusetts state

The U. Massachusetts abolished eight [1] of its fourteen county governments between andbut the counties in the southeastern portion of the state retain county-level local government Barnstable, Bristol, Dukes, Norfolk, Plymouth or, in one case, Nantucket County consolidated city-county government.

Mismanagement of Middlesex County 's public hospital in the mids left that county on the brink of insolvency, and in the Massachusetts legislature stepped in by assuming all assets and obligations of the county. The government of Middlesex County was officially abolished on July 11, Later that year, the Franklin County Commission voted itself out of existence. Chapter 34B of the Massachusetts General Laws allows other counties either to abolish themselves, or to reorganize as a "regional council of governments", as Hampshire and Franklin Counties have done.

The governments of BristolPlymouthand Norfolk Counties remain substantially unchanged. Barnstable and Dukes Counties have adopted modern county charters, enabling them to act as efficient regional governments. Dukes County in particular has a strong regional planning agency known as the Martha's Vineyard Commission. Jurisdictional areas for District Attorneys are created by state law and while some follow traditional county boundaries, names and geographic areas covered are often different.

The districts for the counties of Berkshire, Bristol, Hampden, Norfolk, Plymouth and Suffolk are the same in geography and nomenclature as the respective counties, [6] and the District Attorneys for the Eastern, Middle, and Northern Districts are commonly known as the Essex County, [7] Worcester County, [8] and Middlesex County District Attorneys, [9] respectively.

Eleven other historical counties have existed in Massachusetts, most becoming defunct when their lands were absorbed into the colony of New Hampshire or the state of Maineboth of which were created out of territory originally claimed by Massachusetts colonists. The oldest counties still in Massachusetts are Essex CountyMiddlesex Countyand Suffolk Countycreated in with the original Norfolk County which was absorbed by New Hampshire and bears no relation to the modern Norfolk County.

When these counties were created, they were a part of the Massachusetts Bay Colonywhich would remain separate from the Plymouth Colony and that colony's counties until Hampden Countycreated inis the most recently created county still in Massachusetts, although Penobscot County, Maine bore that distinction until Maine broke off from Massachusetts in The term shire town is the statutory term for the Massachusetts town having a county court and administration offices; a county can have multiple shire towns.

FIPS codes are five-digit numbers; for Massachusetts the codes start with 25 and are completed with the three-digit county code. The FIPS code for each county in the table links to census data for that county. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

See also: List of United States counties and county-equivalents. List of counties in Massachusetts, United States. Abolition of County Government". Massachusetts General Court. Retrieved January 24, National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 8 June Retrieved 19 July Massachusetts is the most populous New England state.

Massachusetts is nicknamed "The Bay State" because of several large bays, which distinctly shape its coast: Massachusetts Bay and Cape Cod Bayto the east; Buzzards Bayto the south; and several cities and towns on the Massachusetts—Rhode Island border sit adjacent to Mount Hope Bay.

At the southeastern corner of the state is a large, sandy, arm-shaped peninsula, Cape Cod. Central Massachusetts features rolling, rocky hills, while Western Massachusetts encompasses a fertile valley and mountains surrounding the Connecticut Riveras well as the Berkshire Mountains.

Boston is Massachusetts' largest city, at the inmost point of Massachusetts Bay, the mouth of the Charles River.

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Most Bay Staters live in the Boston areawhich covers most of eastern Massachusetts. Eastern Massachusetts is fairly densely populated and mostly suburban. Western Massachusetts features both the Connecticut River Valley —a fairly even mix of urban enclaves e. SpringfieldNorthamptonand rural college towns AmherstSouth Hadley —and the Berkshire Mountainsa branch of the Appalachian Mountains that remains mostly rural.

Massachusetts has cities and towns. Every part of the state is within an incorporated city or town, but many towns include large rural areas.

geography maps services of massachusetts state

The state's 14 counties have few government functions and serve as little more than judicial districts. The Charles River is longest river located entirely within Massachusetts, although the Westfield River can be considered longer if one combines its upper and lower branches ; however, the Connecticut River is the Commonwealth's—and New England's—longest, and most significant river.

The City of Boston itself is densely urban. Generally, Eastern Massachusetts, including and surrounding Boston, is densely populated. Boston's suburbs stretch as far west as the City of Worcester in Central Massachusetts. Central Massachusetts encompasses Worcester County, which is hilly and rocky. It features the urban city of Worcesterand the smaller cities of FitchburgLeominsterGardnerand Southbridge.

Central Massachusetts also includes many rural hill towns, forests, and small farms.

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The geographic center of Massachusetts is in the town of Rutlandin central Worcester County.The landscape is characterized by rounded hills, swamps, small lakes and ponds, and short, shallow streams and rivers.

Yesterday's Island. This area spreads westward from the Coastal Lowlands forty to sixty miles, rising to about 1, feet above sea level and, then, gradually sloping downward in the west to meet the Connecticut Valley Lowland. Connecticut Valley Lowland: The Connecticut Valley Lowland is a long, narrow land area that extends from northern Massachusetts to southern Connecticut. The Connecticut River runs through this area providing fertile soil for farming.

In Massachusetts the Connecticut Valley Lowland is about 20 miles wide. The land in this area rises in elevation from the Connecticut Valley to heights of over 2, feet above sea level. Twenty to thirty miles wide in Massachusetts, the Western New England Upland is home to the Berkshire Hills and Mount Greylock, the highest point in Massachusetts at 3, feet above sea level.

This narrow valley, less than ten miles wide, runs between the Berkshire Hills to the east and the Taconic Mountains to the west. The valley is covered with green meadowlands.

Less than six miles wide, this narrow band of hills stretches from northwestern Massachusetts to the south rising upward to Mt. Everett 2, feet above sea level. All rights reserved. No copyright is claimed on non-original or licensed material. Massachusetts base and elevation maps. Massachusetts is miles long and 50 miles wide at its most distant points.

Geographic Center Explanation. The geographic center of Massachusetts is located in Worcester County, in Rutland. Massachusetts is bordered by New Hampshire and Vermont in the north. In the south, Massachusetts is bordered by Connecticut and Rhode Island.

Massachusetts covers 10, square miles, making it the 44 largest of the 50 states. The highest point in Massachusetts is Mount Greylock at 3, feet above sea level. Mount Greylock State Reservation.

Massachusetts Interactive Map

The lowest point in Massachusetts is sea level where Massachusetts meets the Atlantic Ocean. Quabbin Reservoir. The Land. Massachusetts is characterized by a jagged indented coast from Rhode Island around Cape Cod. The land rises upward to the west with stony upland pastures in the central part of Massachusetts and gentle hill country in the west.Learn more ….

The Massachusetts Curriculum Frameworks provide teachers, students and families with clear and shared expectations for what all students should know and be able to do at the end of each year. They represent a promise of equitable education for all students. They formalize the expectation that all students in the Commonwealth have access to the same academic content, regardless of their zip code, background, or abilities.

Center for Instructional Support. Disclaimer: A reference in this website to any specific commercial products, processes, or services, or the use of any trade, firm, or corporation name is for the information and convenience of the public and does not constitute endorsement or recommendation by the Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education.

Instructional Support.

Massachusetts/Massachusetts Geography/Massachusetts Counties for Kids

Massachusetts Learning Standards The Massachusetts Curriculum Frameworks provide teachers, students and families with clear and shared expectations for what all students should know and be able to do at the end of each year.

Contact Us. Contact Us Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education 75 Pleasant Street, Malden, MA Voice: TTY: Directions Disclaimer: A reference in this website to any specific commercial products, processes, or services, or the use of any trade, firm, or corporation name is for the information and convenience of the public and does not constitute endorsement or recommendation by the Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education.The coastline of Massachusetts and its offshore islands are remnants of the last Ice Age.

That jagged, and rockbound Atlantic Ocean coastline is a mixture of bays, inlets, sandy beaches, odd-shaped islands - all ending in granite cliffs in the far north. The Cape Cod National Seashore is a constantly shifting mass of dunes, battered relentlessly by the currents of the Atlantic Ocean. Eastern Massachusetts is mostly flat, comprised of low hills, small lakes, streams and rivers.

From the Boston area, the land rises gently into wooded, rolling hills, broken central by the Connecticut River Valley. In the far west, the Appalachian Mountains stretch across the state on into Vermont and New Hampshire. Greylock, at 3, ft. There are over 4, miles of rivers within Massachusetts. Major rivers include the Connecticut, the longest river in New England the Merrimack in the northeast corner, and the Housatonic in the far west.

More than 1, small lakes and ponds are found within the state, with the largest being the Quabbin Reservoir 27, acres. For a closer look at the topography of Massachusetts, view this topographic map.

geography maps services of massachusetts state

What Is Ecological Succession? Where Is Melanesia? The Kyzylkum Desert. What Are Flightless Birds?Massachusettsconstituent state of the United States of America.

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It was one of the original 13 states and is one of the 6 New England states, lying in the northeastern corner of the country. Massachusetts officially called a commonwealth is bounded to the north by Vermont and New Hampshireto the east and southeast by the Atlantic Oceanto the south by Rhode Island and Connecticutand to the west by New York. It is the seventh smallest of the U. Massachusetts is unique among states because its history and culture predate and epitomize the experiences of the country as a whole.

It is commonly known that the Puritan s and Pilgrim s set the stage for eventual liberty of religious belief when they fled an oppressive government to settle in the New World. With such documents as the Mayflower Compact and the Body of Libertiesan early code of law, they provided the basis for the concept that governments should rule by consent of the governed and with guarantees to protect individual expression.

The American Revolution originated in Massachusetts with the first resistance against British colonial rules. Massachusetts was in the vanguard when the new country began transforming itself from an agrarian to an industrial economy. Textile, boot, and machinery manufacturing began in Massachusetts and Rhode Island and set the groundwork for the eventual industrialization and urbanization of the northeastern states.

Farmers and their sons and daughters trekked to the new cities; by the mids, Massachusetts had become the first state in the Union in which more people lived in towns and cities than in rural areas. Throughout the 19th century, Massachusetts was a leading manufacturing centre.

Southern competition in the first half of the 20th century led to a massive economic decline, resulting in the closing of factories throughout the state.

But World War II and the Cold War created new high-technology industries that depended on federal largesse in the form of defense spending. Meanwhile, service activities such as financeeducationand health care expanded, helping to create a new economy with Boston as its centre.

In Massachusetts became the first state to legalize same-sex marriage ; the law pointed out that excluding certain citizens from a valued institution was incompatible with the principles of individual autonomy and legal equality.

geography maps services of massachusetts state

Area 10, square miles 27, square km. Population 6,; est. The Massachusetts coastline is about 1, miles 2, km in length, yet the cross-country distances are only miles km from east to west and miles km from north to south. The indented coast of Massachusetts was formed by the great glaciers that in some places covered the land with several thousand feet of ice.

When the last ice disappeared some 11, years ago, massive chunks of rocks were exposed along the shore. Hard, flat land stretches out beyond, becoming stony upland pastures near the central part of the state and a gently hilly country in the west. Except toward the west, the land is rocky, often sandy, and not fertile. This mile- km- long appendage is rectangular in shape except at its easternmost point, where it hooks northward.

Its offshore waters are among the most treacherous in the country. Tufts of grass spring up along the sand dunes, and gnarled jack pines and scrub oaks, some only head high, grow in bunches.Age: Under 18 Median Age: Much of the state's most important economic activity is concentrated in high tech sectors like biotechnology, information technology, and defense.

Other major sectors of economic activity include finance, health care, and venture capital investment. Land area: 7, sq mi. Number of counties: 14 Largest county by population and area: Middlesex, 1, ; Worcester, 1, sq mi. State forests and parks:ac.

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Area codes Tourism office. Massachusetts is named after the Massachusett people, one of the many Algonquian peoples who lived in the area. The Pilgrims arrived in to found the Plymouth Colony as a haven for their Puritan beliefs.

Massachusetts State Map

He escaped and learned English before returning home. They assisted one another in conflicts with other nations like the Pequot. Many Wampanoag readily converted to Christianity and integrated into the colonies. The first bible printed in the U. The sachem Metacomet, known to the English as King Philip, forged an alliance against the colonies. By the end the English and their native allies killed several thousand Native Americans across southern New England.

From this point on the colonists held nearly undisputed control of the region. Inthe town of Salem was caught up in a hysteria about witchcraft, resulting in the infamous executions of 24 women accused of being witches.

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Bostonians were some of the most ardent supporters of independence. In the Springfield Armory was founded to store the Americans' guns. After the Revolution, the issue of slavery took center stage.

Much of New England was deeply opposed to slavery religiously and philosophically. This economic divide deepened with the Industrial Revolution. When the South seceded over the election of Abraham Lincoln inMassachusetts heavily supported the war effort. Around the same time, Massachusetts became a destination for immigrants from Europe. Boston Irish culture is fairly distinct from the culture of Ireland, however. Before and after the Civil War, Massachusetts was famous for its writers, educators, and public thinkers.

The Boston Public Library was arguably the first major public library in the U. Massachusetts continued to play an important role in the arts and sciences through the s. Kennedy Library and Museum. Massachusetts is the site of many important episodes in U.

It was a focal point of the American Revolution, the Industrial Revolution, the abolitionist movement, and the development of American arts and media. Organizations around the state offer extensive tours of these and other historic locations. The most famous historic MA tour is the Freedom Trail. Boston is one of a few U. Massachusetts is the birthplace of two popular sports.

Massachusetts is one of the biggest college destinations in the country for domestic and international students. Other outdoorsy tourist activities include hiking, biking, and golf. Less sporting individuals often appreciate the Cape for its distinctive lighthouses, seafood, and the artist colonies along the coast. Perhaps the biggest natural pull to the Cape is its extensive whale watching industry.

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